Κτήμα Σιγάλας - Οία Σαντορίνη | Domaine Sigalas - Ia, Santorini, Cyclades, Greece
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Santorini is part of the island complex of Cyclades, located in the South Aegean. It has a surface area of 73 sq. km and is located at a geographical latitude between 36o 19’ 56’’ and 36o 28’ 40’’ N. and a geographical longitude between 25o 19’ 22’’ and 25o 29’ 13’’ E. The viticultural region of the island has a size of approximately 1,400 hectares, starting at sea level and ascending in terraces up to the caldera, which has a height of 150 to 250 meters above sea level depending on the location.

Κτήμα Σιγάλας - Οία Σαντορίνη | Domaine Sigalas - Ia, Santorini, Cyclades, Greece

The viticultural region of Santorini is ancient, with varieties that date back to antiquity. According to Mr. Doumas, professor of the University of Athens and head of the excavations in Akrotiri, archeological finds located in the pre-historic city of the Akrotiri, constitute definite proof of vineyards in Thira (Santorini), since the 17th century BC. This prehistoric viticultural region was destroyed in the huge volcano eruption, around 1620 BC.

The viticultural region was then resurrected on new volcanic soil, as part of the rehabitation of the island at approximately 1200 BC. One would not be exaggerating in saying that the viticultural region of Santorini is three thousand years old, given that up to the present day, it has seen uninterrupted cultivation, while the vine and the wine have been at the core of the financial, social and cultural life of the island.

The vines are classified as old vines (since they were not destroyed during the Phylloxera epidemic), and are over 50 years in age. The rejuvenation of the vineyards employs the same technique from antiquity to the present day, that of "kataboladi". This is the technique in which in the place of the dead vine, a branch from an adjacent vine is planted in the soil (to an approximate depth of 30 cm).

This new vine, is left attached to the “parent vine” for the first years, and then after 3-5 years, when it has its own roots, is cut off from the parent vine, thus creating a new one. Of course, in order to safely use this rejuvenation technique, the vineyard must consist of old vines, in order to be safe from possible Phylloxera epidemics.

Viticultural Museum

The unique soil of Santorini which sheltered the vineyards from the Phylloxera epidemic, resulted in Santorini being one of the few places in the world where old vines can be located, with the viticultural region being more than 3000 years old, with vines aged more than fifty years, a unique pruning method as well as individual ancient varieties. All these make the viticultural region of Santorini, a historical viticultural area, a viticultural museum. This region is one that yields unique wines, of exceptional qualities, which as they age, are living embodiments of the land of Santorini with all its eccentricities, this unique terroir, which is the Santorinian viticultural region.


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