Κτήμα Σιγάλας - Οία Σαντορίνη | Domaine Sigalas - Ia, Santorini, Cyclades, Greece
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The soil is a mixture of volcanic ash and pumice. Throughout the entire length of the island, both small and large rocks composed of Magnesium and Ferrous Iron are encountered, as well as small and large lava deposits, all of which are of volcanic origin. The pumice (consisting of small to very small porous stones) extends from the surface, to considerable depths.

The soil of Santorini is sandy, with layers ranging in thickness upwards of 40 meters, is approximately 3600 years of age, and is not affected by the underlying layers, which consist of semi-crystalline limestones and schists. The extensive amount of small and large rocks composed of magnesium and ferrous iron is what defines the soil characteristics of Santorini. It is these formations that enrich the soil with Calcium, Magnesium, Ferrous Iron, thus increasing the G.E.C. and creating soils, with different water contents, which in the local dialect have names such as: "aspa", "tsigro", "fountado" etc.

 Κτήμα Σιγάλας - Οία Σαντορίνη | Domaine Sigalas - Ia, Santorini, Cyclades, Greece

The organic content in the Santorini soils is at very low levels. The same holds true for the contents of Nitrogen, Phosphorous and most other trace elements. The lack of clay and the extremely high sand content (93-97%) create a hostile environment for the Phylloxera pest. It is this fact, which saved the island vineyards from the Phylloxera epidemic, which was responsible for eradicating swathes of viticultural regions throughout the world in previous centuries, with few exceptions, one of which is the island of Santorini.


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